On the side, you may be interested in knowing however that at 1817 the Earliest special education Faculty in the USA, the American Asylum for the Education and Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb (now Known as the American College for the Deaf), was established in Hartford, Connecticut, by Gallaudet. This faculty is still there now and can be just one of the top schools in the country for college pupils with disabilities that are squared. A success story that is true!

However, because you may imagine, the continuing victory of the American School for the Deaf was that the exception and not the principle during this time period. And also to improve them, in the late twentieth century, societal Darwinism replaced environmentalism because of the major causal excuse for many individuals with disabilities that deviated from those of their typical population.


Regrettably, Darwinism opened the door into the eugenics movements of the early twentieth century. This then caused further segregation and maybe even sterilization of those who have disabilities like mental retardation. Sounds like something Hitler was undertaking in Germany also being done in our own country, to our people, by our very own men and women. Kind of scary and inhumane, would not you agree?

Today, this kind of treatment is always unsuitable. And in the early part of the 20th Century, it was unacceptable to a number of the older people, especially the parents of all those handicapped children. Thus, concerned and angry mothers and fathers formed advocacy groups to help bring the educational demands of kids with disabilities into the eye. The public needed to watch first-hand wrong this eugenics and sterilization movements was for our students that were different in case it was ever going to be stopped.

Slowly, grassroots associations made advancement that even led to some countries creating laws and regulations to secure their taxpayers with disabilities. As an instance, in 1930, in Peoria, Illinois, the first white cane ordinance gave people who have blindness on the right of way when crossing the street. This was a beginning, along with other nations did follow lawsuit. With time, this local grassroots’ movements and nations’ motion resulted to enough pressure on our elected authorities to get something to be done to the federal level for our clients with disabilities.

Back in 1961, President John F. Kennedy made the President’s Panel on Mental Retardation.

If one believes about Kennedy’s and Johnson’s document on civil rights, then it most likely isn’t this surprise figuring out these two presidents also spear-headed this federal movement for our people who have disabilities.

This ensures civil rights to the handicapped at the circumstance of funded institutions or any application or activity receiving Federal financial support. All these years after as an educator, I personally deal with 504 circumstances each and every moment.

In 1975 Congress enacted Public Law 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHA), which builds a right to community education for all kids regardless of disability. That was another good point because before to national law, moms and dads needed to mainly instruct their children in the home or even cover costly private schooling.


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